Coronavirus COVID-19. Corona Virus COVID-19 is a disease, caused by a new injure of coronavirus. CO stands for corona, VI for the virus, and D for the disease. Previously, this disease was referred to as the 2019 novel coronavirus or 2019 nCoV. The COVID-19 virus is the latest virus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and some types of a common cold.
What is Coronavirus COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a soft to severe respiratory illness that is caused by a coronavirus, one that is characterized especially by fever, cough, and shortness of breath and may move to pneumonia and respiratory failure. The name is an odd sort of acronym, in so far as it is formed from portions of two separate words (COronaVIrus & Disease) and the latter portion of date (the 19 from 2019). COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, province of China in December 2019.
What are the symptoms of the coronavirus disease?
The most common symptoms are fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and even death. The period within which the symptoms would appear is 2-14 days.
How does the coronavirus disease spread?
The new coronavirus continues to spread around the world day by day. The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus which spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose. COVID-19 spreads from person to person in close proximity, similar to other respiratory illnesses, such as the flu.
Droplets of bodily fluids such as saliva or mucus-from an infected person are dispersed in the air or on surfaces by coughing or sneezing.
These droplets can come into direct contact with other people or can infect those who pick them up by touching infected surfaces and then their faces.
According to scientists, coughs and sneezes can move several feet and stay suspended in the air for up to 10 minutes. It is not yet known how long the virus can survive outer surface a host but, in other viruses, it ranges from a few hours to months.
Who is most at risk for the coronavirus disease?
People, who are at higher risk for a severe illness like COVID-19. COVID-19 is a new disease and there is inadequate information about risk factors for severe virus. Based on currently available information and medical expertise, older, adults and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions might be at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
Based on what we know now, those at high-risk for severe illness from COVID-19 is:
- People aged 65 years and older
- People who live in a nursing home or continuing care facility
- People of all ages with underlying medical conditions, particularly if not well controlled
- People with chronic lung disease or fair to severe asthma
- People who have serious heart conditions
- People who are immune-compromised
- Many conditions can cause a person to be immune-compromised, including cancer treatment, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplantation, immune deficiencies, poorly controlled HIV or AIDS, and extended use of corticosteroids and other immune failing medications.
- People with severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 40 or higher)
- People with diabetes
- People with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
- People with liver disease
Can children get coronavirus disease?
People of any age can be infected by the virus. As COVID-19 is a new virus, researchers are still learning about how it affects children. It is possible for people of all ages to be infected with the virus, but so far there have been relatively few cases of COVID-19 reported among children. The virus can be serious in cases, so far mainly among older people and those with pre-existing medical conditions appear to be more vulnerable.
Is there a vaccine for the coronavirus disease or when will a vaccine become available?
Currently, there is no Vaccine for the treatment of severe coronavirus disease. However, those affected should receive care to relieve symptoms. People with serious illness should be hospitalized. Most patients recover thanks to supportive care. Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are under investigation. They are being tested through clinical trials. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19.
Although this has not prevented the virus from spreading to all of China’s provinces. As the number of confirmed cases continues to rise, businesses and countries are taking increasingly drastic action. Scores of airlines have halted flights to China, while a number of countries are evacuating their citizens from Wuhan and Hubei. Several countries have closed their borders with China and others have banned entry to Chinese citizens.
Person-to-person transmission has been confirmed in several countries, which WHO emergency chief Michael Ryan has called a “great concern”. Even with recent advances in medical technology, it is unlikely a vaccine could be available for mass distribution within a year. This means that public health measures to contain the spread will be crucial to contain the outbreak.
What is the treatment for the coronavirus disease? Or how can people protect themselves? Are face masks useful?
Currently, there is no specific treatment for the severe coronavirus disease but have some rules and regulations, common practices, protective-preventive measures you can follow to protect yourself and help to prevent spreading the virus to others if you do:
- Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze
- Avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell
- Place hand sanitizers in toilets, public places, halls, and near exits where possible
- Increase airflow and ventilation where the climate allows (open windows, use air conditioning where available, etc.)
- Stay at home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell
- Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth if your hands are not clean.
- If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance
- Follow the directions of your local health authority, seek medical care (Source: World Health Organization)
- Immediate lockdown/shut down the process of Corona affected area for example Shopping Mall, Home, Building, Factory, Restaurant, Mosque, Church, place of worship, etc.
- While face masks are popular, scientists doubt their effectiveness against airborne viruses.
- Masks may provide some protection to you and others, but because they are loose and made of leaky cloth, droplets can still pass through.
- Many countries have advised people traveling back from affected countries to self-quarantine for at least two weeks.
What is the recovery time for the coronavirus disease?
Using available preliminary data, the median time from onset to clinical recovery for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks and is 3 to 6 weeks for patients with the severe or critical disease.
What is self-quarantine?
Quarantining means staying home and away from other people as much as possible for that 14-day period. People in this circumstance who don’t live alone should do their best to retreat to their room or find a separate area in their home, and they shouldn’t go out shopping, eating or socializing. “Don’t sleep in the same bedroom [with other family members], and try to use a separate toilet, if you can,”
Self-quarantine is a step up from self-monitoring because the person at risk of infection even though the person still doesn’t have symptoms―had a higher chance of coverage. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, for example, is self-quarantining because his wife tested positive for the virus after returning from a trip to Great Britain. If you are under a self-quarantine because of possible exposure and then develop a fever, a cough or shortness of breath, call your doctor, local hospital or public health department to find out what to do. For mild cases, physicians may direct you to stay home and treat your symptoms with over-the-counter fever reducers and other treatments. Those with more severe symptoms and people in higher-risk groups may be directed to where to seek medical care.
What is isolation?
Isolation is the condition of being alone, especially when this makes you feel unhappy, for example, the prisoner had been kept in isolation for three days or after all the visitors had left, she experienced a feeling of complete isolation. Isolation is the fact that something is separate and not connected to other things. Isolation is the condition of being separated from other people, towns, countries, etc.
What is social distance?
Social distance has been in use since the early 19th century, originally with the meaning of “the degree of receiving or rejection of social communication between individuals and especially those belonging to different social groups (such as those based on race, society, class, or gender).” In modern use, the term is more often encountered with the meaning of “the avoidance of close contact with other people during the outbreak of a contagious disease in order to minimize exposure and reduce the transmission of infection.” The practice of maintaining a greater than usual physical distance from other people is referred to as social distancing,
Corona Virus Alert around the World
More than 213 countries around the world more or less affected continue with Coronavirus and the number of deaths over 123,126. The United Nations chief has warned the coronavirus pandemic presents the world with its “worst crisis” since World War II, with the number of dead in the United States now higher than in China and hard-hit countries in Europe reporting their highest number of deaths in a single day. The US announced some 800 deaths on Tuesday-bringing the total to more than 4,500. It also has the most confirmed cases. China has reported 3,282 deaths from COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus. Spain, the United Kingdom, France and Italy each reported their largest single-day increase in deaths since the start of the pandemic. Some 13,428 people have died from the disease in Italy, the world’s most seriously affected country. Around the world, nearly 19,00,000 people have been diagnosed with the virus and at least 198,000 have recovered, according to a reliable report. More than 123,000 people have died.
The White House on Tuesday projected 100,000 to 240,000 deaths in the United State from the coronavirus pandemic even if current social distancing guidelines are maintained. The projections were presented during a White House briefing on Tuesday. They suggest that, if no social distancing measures had been put in place across the country, between 1.5 million to 2.2 million people would have died.
Actions for COVID-19 Prevention and Control
As there is no available Vaccine for the treatment of severe coronavirus disease and it spreads continues around the world day by day. We need to stop its spread increasing some preventive-protective safety measures. The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue, and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing. Maybe self-quarantine, isolation, social distance or vice versa. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and getting early care from a healthcare provider can make the disease less dangerous. There are several clinical trials that are being conducted to evaluate potential therapeutics for COVID-19.
COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) in Bengali
COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) in Bengali are as follows:
COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) in English
COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) in English are as follows: